The IMO adopted the HONG KONG INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND RECYCLING OF SHIPS in 2009. It is aimed at ensuring that ships, when being recycled after reaching the end of their operational lives, do not pose any unnecessary risk to human health and safety or to the environment. In addition, the Convention seeks to ensure the proper management of hazardous materials on board ships. Regulation (EU) No 1257/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 ‘on ship recycling and amending Regulation (EC) 1013/2006 and Directive
2009/16/EC was published in the Official Journal6 of the EU on 10 December 2013. It entered into force on 30 December 2013.
Hazardous materials can impair our life and environment if treated without proper management. it has to be identified, managed and recycled during the whole ship lifecycle, from marine product supply chain, the newbuilding, ship repairing and finally to the ship recycling. While the Convention still relies on the concept of a ‘Green Passport’, if not all, operations, the term itself is no longer used. It is now known as the ‘Inventory of Hazardous Materials’ (IHM), though its intention remains identical. The Part I of the IHM still covers the whole life of the ship, from construction and operation to preparation for scrapping at the end of the ship’s useful life.
All ships flying the flag of a EU member state shall be subject to a survey regime and they shall carry on board a ship-specific ‘Inventory Certificate’ issued by the administration or a RO authorised by it and supplemented by Part I of the IHM. When calling at a port or anchorage of a EU member state, all ships flying the flag of a third country shall carry on board a ship-specific ‘statement of compliance’ issued by the relevant authorities of the third country whose flag the ship is flying or an organisation authorised by them and supplemented by Part I of the IHM